__TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS__

You can use countable objects such as seeds, marbles, beads, bottle tops etc.

But in this lesson, I will use marbles.

__ACTIVITY 1__

Explain the concept of multiplication as repeated addition.

Example, 2×3 means 2 groups of 3 objects.

That is, 3+3=6

Which means 2×3=6

__ACTIVITY 2__

Guide the child to perform practical activities using countable objects like the marbles to show that the product of three (3) numbers does not change when the factors are regrouped

( 1- digit factors only)

Example; 4×(3×2)=(4×3)×2

i) Make an array of 3 groups of 2 objects giving altogether 6 objects.

ii) Make an array of 4 groups of 6 objects

Count to find the result that is 24.

__ACTIVITY 3__

Regroup the factors for the child to find the results by following the same procedure.

That is (4×3)×2.

__CONCLUSION__

Go over the main points with the child and give him/her the questions below to solve.

__Question__

Complete the following sentences by regrouping the factors

i) (1×2)×3=

ii) (3×4)×5=

iii) (4×5)×6=

iv) (5×6)×7=

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