First Aid for insect bites

An insect bite can be fatal if the victim has an allergic reaction or is bitten in the mouth or throat. Such emergencies should be dealt with at once at a hospital casualty department.

Anaphylactic shock may call for emergency resuscitation (mouth-to-mouth ventilation) which can be life-saving. Laryngeal oedema (swelling of the larynx) may call for emergency opening of the windpipe (tracheotomy). Bee stings should be removed immediately, preferably with tweezers, and then a cold compress applied. Stings or bites by ants, midges, wasps and mosquitoes can be relieved with antihistamine cream once it has first been established be asking the victim whether he or she is not allergic to it.

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