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EFFECTS OF OVER-SECRETION AND UNDER-SECRETION 0F HORMONE BY THE ENDOCRINE GLANDS (THYROID)


Let us first take a look at the difference between hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

Hypothyroidism simply means the under secretion of thyroid hormone whereas hyperthyroidism means the over secretion of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland.

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Iodine concentration in the thyroid gland in certain cases can increase to as much as twenty five(25) times that of blood. The lack of iodine in diet can result in the enlargement of the anterior pituitary and the thyroid. This enlargement can therefore result in a simple goitre.

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The inability of the thyroid to develop can result in a condition commonly referred to as cretinism. Individuals suffering from cretinism are very short and tend to have had hypothyroidism since childhood.

Adults with hypothyroidism normally tend to exhibit an awful condition which is scientifically referred to as myxedelna.

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The following are signs and symptoms of myxedelna:
1. Weight gain.
2. Loss of hair.
3. Body temperature lowers.
4. The skin becomes thick.
5. Pulse rate slows drastically.

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Appropriate doses of thyroid hormones administration can eradicate hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and graves disease.


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