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Sunday, 15 October 2017

First aid measures for exhaustion

Heat exhaustion is due to excessive loss of body fluids and body salt. It's symptoms are clammy pale skin, profuse perspiration, weak pulse and shallow breathing, but the pupils and temperature are close to normal. Headache and vomiting may occur.

In heat exhaustion, rest is also advisable but the head should be lower than the body. A victim of heat exhaustion may feel nauseous at first but after resting for a while can retain fluid. Salt tablets or a solution of half a teaspoon of salt in half a glass of water may be given to the patient at 15minute intervals for an hour; followed by fruit juices to restore the body fluids lost by dehydration. in case of severe prostration, medical care is required.

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