Poliomyelitis (infantile paralysis): Symptoms, Treatment and Control


Its incubation period is 7-21 days, followed by fever, headache and feeling of stiffness in neck and other muscles. Virus destroys nerve cells that supply muscles, causing paralysis and musclewasting. lf breathing muscles are paralysed an ‘iron lung’ may be needed. Many people have a very mild form of the disease which they do not notice but which makes them immune. Most cases of paralysis occur in children 4 -12 years, but adults may also be affected.

Treatment
 No known drug or chemical treatment


Control
 vaccination with formaldehyde-treated virus (Salk vaccine) or mutated virus (Sabin vaccine) taken orally

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