Facts About Elephants


Family
Elephants belongs to the family Elephantidae. 

Order
Elephants are known to belong to the order Proboscidea.

HABITATS
Elephants normally like staying or living near water. They can also be located or found in different habitats. Some of this habitats includes forests, savannahs, dessert and marshes.

SPECIES
There are currently three (3) known species of elephants. They are the African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), the African forest elephant (L. cyclotis) and the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus).

WHERE ELEPHANTS CAN BE LOCATED
1. Sub-Saharan Africa
2. South Asia
3. Southeast Asia

PARTS OF THE ELEPHANT AND THEIR FUNCTIONS
TRUNK: Elephants has proboscis (  also known as long trunk ) which is used for grasping objects, breathing, olfaction, touching, production of sound etc..... The trunk actually  contains up to 150,000 separate muscle fascicles, with no bone and little fat.
The muscles of the trunk connects to a bony opening in the skull. Elephants can reach items at heights of up to 7 m (23 ft) with the help of their trunks. 
An adult Asian elephant can hold 8.5 L (2.2 US gal) of water in its trunk.

TEETH:Elephants are mammals that are known to  usually have 26 teeth. The elephants incisors which normally grows into tusks can be used for  digging, moving of objects etc....

EARS:Their large ear flaps also known as the pinnae sometimes helps them to control their body temperature. Larger ear surfaces contain more capillaries, and more heat can be released.

SKIN:  Elephants has tough but sensitive skin. Their skin is about  2.5 cm (1 in) thick on the back and parts of the head. The skin around their mouth and the inside of the ear is known to be very thin.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AFRICAN ELEPHANTS AND ASIAN ELEPHANTS
African elephants normally do possess larger ears and concave backs while Asian elephants do possess smaller ears and convex or level backs.


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