Anaphylaxis (Anaphylactic shock) : Symptoms, Causes, Preventions and Treatments


A very rapid, vigorous and deadly allergic reaction is referred to as anaphylaxis.
It is accompanied by two or more of the following symptoms:
1. Swelling of the tongue
2. Itchy rashes
3. Swelling of the throat
4. Problem breathing
5. Decrease in blood pressure
6. Vomiting
7. Lightheadedness
8. Swelling of the whole face
9. Runny nose
10. Abdominal pain
11. Diarrhea

Causes
Anaphylaxis can be caused by the following:
1. Certain foods like wheat, seafood, nuts and many more. 
2. Insect bites or stings.
3. Medications such as penicillin, NSAIDs, aspirin and many more.
4. Food additives.
5. Exercise.
Individuals with atopic diseases are very prone to anaphylaxis caused by foods and latex. 

Prevention
Totally avoiding allergens is the best way to prevent anaphylaxis. Desensitisation is another effective way to prevent anaphylaxis. Individuals affected by foods like eggs, nuts, milk and many more can be desensitised through an effective oral immunotherapy.
Bananas, avocados and many more cross reactive foods should be stayed away from by individuals who normally develops allergic reaction to latex.

Treatment
An individual in anaphylactic shock would need certain resuscitation measures. 
Epinephrine usage is one simple way to treat anaphylaxis.
Epinephrine also known as adrenaline can be administered to an individual suffering from anaphylaxis through injection. If the result of the first injection is undesirable, then, more injection will be required until a significant result is shown by the patient.
In order for an individual to avoid biphasic anaphylaxis, being observed in the hospital for about a day or two would be a good idea.

Comments