Common cold: Signs and Symptoms, Causes, Preventions and Treatments


Common cold also referred to as cold is a disease that is known to be virally infectious and is associated to the upper respiratory tract. It mainly affects the nose and certain other parts like the sinuses, throat and larynx. 


Signs and symptoms
After you have been exposed to the virus, the signs and symptoms that will show that you have been affected will start manifesting in about two to three days.
The following are some of the signs and symptoms of cold:
1. Headache
2. Runny nose
3. Sore throat
4. Frequent sneezing
5. Cough
6. Infants and children can sometimes experience fever.
7. Nasal congestion
8. Muscle ache
9. Fatigue
10. Decrease in appetite for food

It can take an individual about one week to recover from cold. In a serious situation, it can take a person about two to three weeks to completely recover from cold.
The secretions from the nasal cavity also known as sputum can have clear, yellow or green color.


Transmission
The virus that causes cold can be transmitted through:
1. "Airborne droplets" which is scientifically referred to as "aerosols".
2. Direct contact with nasal secretion which is infected.
3. Touching contaminated objects (fomites) with your hands and subsequently carrying it to your nose which is pretty much prone to the infection.

It is known that, too much exposure to cold weather can make an individual get a common cold.
Most viruses that bring about cold are seasonal. They operate more often within a wet or cold weather.


Prevention
There are several ways you can decrease the spread of the cold viruses.
 The following are some simple ways you can prevent the spread of the cold viruses:
1. Regular washing of the hand with soap.
2. The use of disposable gowns and gloves in the healthcare sector.
3. Face masks can be helpful sometimes.
4. Stay clear off of sick persons.


Treatment
There is no cure for common cold yet but there are ways and certain medications that can help deal with it undesirable symptoms.

Here are some ways you can decrease its symptoms:
1. Get enough rest.
2. Warm salt water can be gargled to help decrease the symptoms.
3. Make sure you drink a lot of water to help keep your body hydrated.

Here are some medications that can help deal with the symptoms:
1. Zinc is known to be quite good for decreasing the intensity of the symptoms.
2. The use of Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is also known to be helpful sometimes.

Home remedies
There are certain home remedies that can be helpful in the treatment of cold. Here are some of the home remedies: 
1. Chewing a raw ginger and swallowing its juice.
2. Gurgling warm salt water.

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