The shy plant (Mimosa pudica)

Mimosa pudica is a very sensitive flowering plant whose compound leaves folds towards the inside and bend downwards whenever it is been shaken or touched. 

Other names of Mimosa pudica
1. Touch me not
2. Sleepy plant
3. Shy plant
4. Sensitive plant
5. Dormilones
6. Action plant
7. Shame plant

In Ghana, it is known as "Dede mortor" and "Abrewa kata woho" in Krobo and Twi respectively.
It folds whenever it is disturbed to protect itself from predators. It serves as its defence mechanism. Mimosa pudica often grows in sunless areas like under bushes and trees.

The AwayCande biology team also observed that, Mimosa pudica leaves were widely unfolded in the morning but folded inward in the afternoon when the weather was little bit warm. The biology team then concluded that,  Mimosa pudica leaves sometimes folds in order to prevent water loss.
This picture was taken in the morning

This picture was taken in the morning

Mimosa pudica belongs to the kingdom Plantae, order Fabales, family Fabaceae, Genus Mimosa and species M. pudica

The video below shows how the plant is sensitive to touch.

Places where Mimosa pudica is common
It can be found in certain countries in Central America, South America, Asia and Africa. 
The sensitive plant is quite common in Ghana (a country located in the western part of Africa).

Predators that can cause harm to the sensitive plant
Mimosa webworms and spider mites are some common predators that can cause undesirable effects to Mimosa pudica.

How it improves soil quality
Mimosa pudica tend to draw out soil toxics into itself causing reduction in the toxicity of the soil. 
If the sensitive plant grows on a soil which is polluted, it pulls out certain metals. Some of these metals are zinc, tin and lead.
Nitrogen fixing bacteria which turns nitrogen from the atmosphere into a plant accessible form, normally attaches themselves to the roots of Mimosa pudica. 

Compounds in Mimosa pudica
Sterols, alkaloids, tannins and terenoids are some of the compounds that can be found in the sensitive plant (Mimosa pudica). 
According to certain scientific research, fatty acids can also be found in the plant.

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