Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment.


ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is  a very common mental disorder that can affect anybody especially children; irrespective of age.
From the year 1980 to the year 1987, ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) was referred to as ADD (Attention deficit disorder).


Types of ADHD
There are three different types of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
1. Predominantly Inattentive  (ADHD-PI)
2. Predominantly hyperactive impulsive (ADHD-PH).
3. Combined type (ADHD-PH).

Symptoms
1. Difficulty paying attention.
2. Difficulty controlling behaviour.
3. Difficulty organising tasks.
4. Short attention span.
5. Easily distracted.
6. Difficulty carrying out or following simple instructions.
7. Difficulty sticking to work or tasks that consumes time.
8. Difficulty sitting still.
9. They tend to talk without break.
10. Always in a rush whether in conversations or answering questions.
11. Restlessness
12. A behaviour which is somehow disruptive.
13. They tend not to be listening whenever they are being talked to.
14. They often daydream a lot.
15. Impatient



Causes
1. Genes
An individual can inherit Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder from his or her parents via genes.

2. Alcohol intake during pregnancy.
According to several health research, drinking alcohol during pregnancy can cause Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder to the unborn child before he will even be born.

3. Smoking during pregnancy.
Just like drinking alcohol during pregnancy; smoking during pregnancy can also cause ADHD in the unborn child before he or she will be born.

4. Brain injuries
Individuals who has ever had any kind of brain injury is very, very likely to develop Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

5. Too much sugar consumption.
Excessive sugar consumption is somehow known to cause or worsen Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

6. Food additives
Several health organisations around the globe has pointed out food additives as agents that can cause Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in children.

7. Lead exposure
According to several studies, lead is very much responsible for countless Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder cases. That is why most parents nowadays do not want their children to materials and substances that contain higher amount of lead.



Treatment
1. Regular physical exercise can be very helpful.

2. Certain behavioural therapies are known to be good in reducing or getting rid of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

3. Psychological therapies such as interpersonal psychotherapy, family therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy and many can be very helpful.

4. Diet
Reducing or completely staying away from the consumption of artificial food colouring is known to prevent or reduce ADHD.

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