Herpes: Types, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

Herpes: Types, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

The herpes simplex virus (HSV) is the virus that is scientifically known to cause herpes. It normally affects the skin, genital, anal area and certain regions of the body.

Certain individuals may show symptoms when they are been infected others may not.

Symptoms include blisters, ulcers, pain when urinating, cold sores, and vaginal discharge. Although there is no cure for herpes, it can be treated using medications and home remedies.

Herpes is quite common in the United States. The herpes type 1 also known as oral herpes or HSV-1 has affected over 50% of the population. It is also known that, 15% of individuals between the age of thirteen and fifty are been affected by the herpes type 2 also known as genital herpes or HSV-2.

In this article, we will discuss the symptoms of herpes, causes, how to treat it, and how to prevent it.

Types of herpes

There are two different types of the  herpes simplex virus namely;
1. Herpes type 1 ( also known as HSV-1 or Oral herpes)
2. Herpes type 2 also known genital herpes (or HSV-2)


Most people may begin to experience the various symptoms just after four to five days of exposure others on the other hand may begin experiencing the symptoms after months or years of infection.

Let us take a look at some of the symptoms of herpes:

The symptoms of herpes is categorised into two different forms. There are primary infection symptoms and recurrent infection symptoms.

The primary infection symptoms are the symptoms that manifest the first time an individual is infected. These symptoms are known to be very severe.

They include:
For ladies
1. Vaginal discharge
2. Blisters in the vagina
3. Blisters on the cervix
4. Ulcerations in the vagina
5. Ulcerations on the cervix

For men 

Blisters and ulcerations on the penis

For both men and women

1. Itchiness
2. Pain
3. The lymph nodes enlarges.
4. Lymph nodes becomes tender
5. Intense pain during urination
6. Fever
7. You may feel very unwell
8. Sores around the mouth
9. Blisters will be formed on the skin.

 Let us take a look at the recurrent infection symptoms.
The recurrent infection symptoms are less severe as compared to the primary infection symptoms. These symptoms often fade away within 15 to 20 days.
Recurrent infection symptoms include:
For men
1. Blisters on the penis.
2. Burning sensation around the penis.

For women

1. Blisters around the vagina.
2. Burning sensation around the vagina.
3. Blisters on the cervix.
4. Ulcerations on the cervix.

For both men and women

1. Sore around the mouth.
2. Blisters on the skin


The following can bring about or result in the passing of the virus from an infected person to uninfected person:
1. Sharing sex toys with an infected person.

2. Having unprotected sex with an infected person.

3. Infected pregnant women can pass it on to their babies during birth.

4. Kissing an infected person.

5. Having multiple sex partners is a very high risk factor.

6. Weak immune system

7. Having other STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections) is also a very high risk factor.


1. Avoid unprotected sex
2. Avoid sharing of sex toys and any other thing that can transmit the virus.
3. Be with just a partner. Avoid multiple partners.
4. Do not kiss an individual who is infected.


At the moment, there is no known cure for the herpes simplex virus.

The treatment will be given by certain doctors just to do away with the cold sores and prevent further spread of the virus.
In most cases, the sores disappear without treatment.

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