What causes kidney stones? What are the symptoms? How can it be prevented or treated?


Kidney stone disease is a disease that occurs when a solid substance often referred to kidney stone forms in the urinary tract and causes severe pain.


Facts About Kidney Stones
Another name for the disease is urolithiasis.

Kidney stones often gradually leaves the body of an individual suffering from it via the urine stream.

If the stone causing it very small, an individual suffering from it will not experience any kind of signs and symptoms.

One fact about kidney stone is that, people who have suffered from it before will surely experience it in every ten (10) years.


Symptoms
1. Pain in the lower back.
2. Pain in the lower abdominal area.
3. Pain in the groin.
4. Pain during urination.
5. Colour of urine becomes red, brown or pink.
6. Nauseous
7. Vomiting
8. Frequent urination
9. Fever
10. Urinating little amount of urine almost anytime.

Visit a doctor if you experience the following sign and symptoms:
1. Blood in your
2. Experiencing pain that prevents you from sitting still.
3. Pain that comes along with nausea.
4. Pain that comes along with fever.
5. Pain that comes along with vomiting.
6. Severe pain during urination.

Causes
Most kidney stones are often formed when there is excess calcium, uric acid or oxalate in a person's urine.

Types.
The types of kidney include calcium stones, struvite stones, uric acid stones and cystine stones.

Risk factors.
Factors that can probably increase an individual's risk of developing Kidney stone are:
1. Calcium supplements
2. Obesity
3. Hyperparathyroidism
4. Higher levels of calcium in urine.
5. Dehydration


Prevention and Treatment
1. Hydration.
Drinking lots of fluids in order to keep your body hydrated can be very helpful to individuals who has ever had kidney stones.

2. Stay away from drinks that has phosphoric acid in them.

3. A procedure like ureteroscopy can help treat severe kidney stones.

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